Communist Manifesto

Marx Formed itself in right (1841), but was fascinated for philosophy. The German philosophical way then is dominated by the ideas of Hegel; some groups start to use the hegelianas ideas from an atheistic system (119-120). From 1842 it acts as journalist; studying the ideas of Feuerbach he makes a releitura of Hegel and he starts to conceive a proper system. So far the philosophers alone had interpreted the world; it is hour to transform it. (Marx) Engels lived two years in England and folloied of close the conditions to life of the rising English proletarian classroom (132). When Engels published its conclusions, in 1844, Marx wrote to it; soon partners had become (137). Marx developed the idea of the conflict of classrooms as motor of history in 1845. In 1847-48 he leaves the Communist Manifesto; the text presents a general theory of history, an analysis of the European society and a program of revolutionary action.

They participate of the revolutionary agitation of 1848. Edmund Wilson makes a critical analysis of the marxist thought, and of as the Marx/Engels badly had been interpreted by many marxists; it takes for example the question of the dialectic; Marx uses the term not as the argumentativo method of Scrates, but from the beginning of the change considered for Hegel. For German philosopher the dialectic is a law that in such a way conducts the domnios of the logic as the natural world and history; according to it all processes of change possess a uniformity element: they cross a cycle of three phases; the first phase (thesis) is the process of affirmation and unification; after that it comes the dissociao and negation of the thesis (antithesis); porfim occurs a conciliation between thesis and antithesis (synthesis). Applied to the historical process, Hegel cites as example the Republic Roman (thesis); the antithesis is represented by the civil wars and the crisis of the republican model; the synthesis is the implantation of an autocratic order, the Roman Empire.